Abnormal Periods (menstrual Cycles) Specialists

Dr. Kakossian and Dr. Khoury of K & K OB-GYN & Cosmetics have extensive experience diagnosing the cause of abnormal periods in women from Midtown East in Manhattan and Brighton Beach in Brooklyn, NY, and throughout the New York City region so they can get the most appropriate treatment.

Abnormal Periods (Menstrual Cycles) Q & A

What are abnormal periods?

The normal menstrual cycle takes place about every 28 days, with each period lasting about five to seven days. Abnormal periods can be considered any period that occurs outside this "norm” by several days or more. Periods that are extremely heavy or very light and spotting or light bleeding between periods are also considered abnormal.

What are some of the causes of abnormal periods?

Abnormal periods can be caused by many issues, including natural hormonal changes during menopause, pregnancy, and puberty. Other causes include:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
  • Diseases or conditions affecting the ovaries and ovulation
  • Tumors
  • Fibroids and polyps
  • Endometriosis
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Menorrhagia (very heavy bleeding due to a thickened uterine lining)
  • Certain medications

Knowing the cause of your abnormal periods is essential for ensuring you get the most appropriate treatment. If your periods are abnormal in any way, schedule an evaluation right away.

How are the causes of abnormal periods diagnosed?

Diagnosis begins with an office visit to discuss your symptoms and to review your personal and family medical history to look for possible clues. Lab work including blood testing may be ordered as well as diagnostic imaging like ultrasound. Often, an in-office exam called hysteroscopy will need to be performed to see inside the uterus to look for possible issues. Hysteroscopy uses a special instrument called a hysteroscope that’s inserted into the vagina, similar to when you have a pelvic exam. The scope can be passed through the opening in the cervix to evaluate issues affecting the uterus. Intravenous sedation may be used to reduce discomfort you might experience.

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    "Dr. Kakossian is a very knowledgeable, attentive & caring doctor. As long as I've been going to her the experience has always been a great one. I highly recommend her."

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